How Does Augmented Reality Work?

Creating a 3D world of real-time objects has become a trend. 


Robert Scoble and Shel Israel’s ‘The Fourth Transformation- How AR and VR Will Change Everything’ written in 2016, discovers that reality is more than what our eyes see. What we see and capture is not the actual representation of the object but a careful translation formed by our eyes and mind. Based on their research, the fourth transformation ‘will move the technology we carry to what we wear’. The book rekindled the lost enthusiasm for Virtual and Augmented Reality by revealing new transformations that will deprecate the old ways of building companies and new sources of wealth. 


Coined in 1990, Augmented Reality started as the world’s first head-mounted display that created a graphic of an image beyond the viewer’s line of sight. As technology has come a long way since the inception of its possibilities, so from being a graphic in 1968 to becoming a wearable object for games in 2013, AR has flooded the marketplace unapologetically.  


What is Augmented Reality?

Earlier, considered a concept to support narrative films and plays, AR or augmented reality is the modification and demonstration of a real-life world. It is adorned with visual elements, sounds, and other stimuli to enhance the overall experience. For the longest time, people have imagined bridging the gap between the digital and psychical world and the answer is AR. 

How does Augmented Reality Work? 

With each step towards the technology-driven space, AR has safely penetrated our lives and influenced our buying and study patterns. 

The workings of AR can be divided into four phases: 

(i) The AR solution captures and senses the surrounding area through an inbuilt camera of your smartphone, tablet or a head-mounted display (HMD).  

(ii) With the captured information, it collects and identifies the points to add the overlays through GPS, sensors, or other markers. 

(iii) The solution forms a complete object in the real-time environment with the necessary collected content. 


For example, you must have heard of or played the game Pokemon Go. It showcases the projections of creatures as overlays as if they were present in your neighbourhood. The game was so impressive that it made kids and adults go for a walk in return for virtual prizes. That’s the power of AR. 

Required Components for Augmented Reality to Work: 

Across many industries, AR has provided stability, maintained budget costs, and generated many opportunities with its expansion. However, to make AR work, specific components are needed to make it a real success.  

  • Sensors: GPS, gyroscopes, and others are essential in figuring out which direction a person is facing. 
  • Algorithm: Accurate algorithm design improves the positioning of the object and makes it look better.
  •  Output Devices: Lightweight and high-quality output devices like smartphones or HMDs connect us with the virtual world.

Future of Augmented Reality:   

AR has an immense potential to outshine existing technologies and work collaboratively with the new ones, possibly changing the world for a better tomorrow. With real-time access, it can empower people to time travel, pre-visualize their purchases, enhance communication through avatars, revolutionize the software marketplace, and much more. 


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